Subject-verb agreement rules in Hindi are an essential element of the language. Correct usage of verbs with subjects is crucial for effective communication and clear expression of thoughts in any language. In this article, we will discuss subject-verb agreement rules in Hindi and some common mistakes to avoid.

Rule 1: Agreement with the gender of the subject

In Hindi, every noun carries a gender- either masculine or feminine. The verb used with the subject also needs to agree with the gender. For example, if the subject is a feminine noun, then the verb used with it should be feminine.

Example: मैं मछली खाती हूं। (I eat fish)

In this sentence, the subject ‘मछली’ is a feminine noun, and the verb खाती is also feminine.

Rule 2: Agreement with the number of the subject

The verb used with the subject should be in agreement with the number of the subject. If the subject is singular, the verb used with it should be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb used with it should be plural.

Example: वे अमीर हैं। (They are rich)

In this sentence, the subject ‘वे’ is plural, and the verb used with it ‘हैं’ is also plural.

Rule 3: Agreement with the tense of the subject

The verb used with the subject should be in agreement with the tense of the subject. If the subject is in the present tense, then the verb used with it should also be in the present tense.

Example: मैं पढ़ रहा हूं। (I am reading)

In this sentence, the subject ‘मैं’ is in the present tense, and the verb used with it ‘पढ़ रहा हूं’ is also in the present tense.

Rule 4: Agreement with the mood of the sentence

The verb used with the subject should also be in agreement with the mood of the sentence. If the sentence is in an interrogative mood, then the verb used with it should also be interrogative.

Example: क्या तुम खुश हो? (Are you happy?)

In this sentence, the subject ‘तुम’ is in the interrogative mood, and the verb used with it ‘हो’ is also in the interrogative mood.

Common mistakes to avoid:

1. Confusion between singular and plural nouns

Example: राम के दोस्त हैं। (Ram has two friends)

In this sentence, ‘दोस्त’ is a plural noun, but the verb used with it एक होती हैं is singular. The correct verb should be होते हैं.

2. Ignoring the gender of the subject

Example: उसने मैच जीता। (He won the match)

In this sentence, the gender of the subject is not specified, and the verb used is masculine. The correct sentence should be उसने मैच जीती।

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement rules in Hindi are essential to master to communicate effectively in the language. By following these rules and avoiding common mistakes, you can improve your Hindi writing or speaking skills and communicate clearly with others.